Cooling Systems


CBIPL field engineers are experts in industrial cooling, with extensive experience in a variety of applications.
Best-in-Class Chemical Treatment for Industrial Cooling Systems
Experience has taught us no two industrial cooling water systems are alike. Each system is impacted by the raw water source, air quality, flow rates, metallurgy, temperature, humidity, operating procedures, and a host of other factors. There is no one-size-fits-all solution; the best water treatment programs are specifically tailored to meet the needs of your particular system.
Our treatment program starts with an assessment of the process, water chemistry, cooling requirements, and metallurgy in your industrial cooling system. This allows us to determine whether there is a tendency towards corrosion, scale, and/or fouling. Our chemical programs are effectively used to reduce and prevent these issues in industrial cooling water systems.
We expertly apply our products to keep your system running at peak efficiency, extend equipment life, reduce water usage, and protect the environment. We also offer state-of-the-art control and monitoring technology with DCS compatibility to increase reliability and decrease costs.

Closed Loop Systems

Most chilled water systems incorporate an open recirculating cooling water system with a cooling tower for condenser cooling. Our field engineers have expertise with all associated equipment, including evaporative condensers, shell and tube heat exchangers, plate and frame heat exchangers, etc.
Custom Solutions for Unique Cooling Systems
CBIPL is the knowledge leader in cooling water treatment. Our field engineers average 16 years of experience with industrial water cooling, providing our customers with the highest level of expertise and service available. BREAKTHROUGH INNOVATIONS IN CLOSED LOOP COOLING SYSTEMS
CBIPL’s expertise with closed loop water systems includes the following:
Chilled water systems that generate cold water used to produce cool air for comfort air conditioning and/or humidity control
• Chilled water systems used in process cooling water loops
• Chilled water thermal storage systems and ice-making equipment
• Hot water systems that generate tempered water for space heating
• High-temperature hot water systems (HTHW) that circulate water for a variety of uses
Most chilled water systems incorporate an open recirculating cooling water system with a cooling tower for condenser cooling. Our field engineers have expertise with all associated equipment, including evaporative condensers, shell and tube heat exchangers, plate and frame heat exchangers, etc.
The most significant issues faced within the exchangers are corrosion and scale formation.

Chemistry Protection

CBIPL has the most experienced technical personnel among boiler water treatment companies. We can provide the expertise and chemistry to protect the entire steam generator network.
Makeup Water Treatment
Depending on the steam generator pressure, makeup treatment may range from simple softening to sophisticated demineralization. Ingress of impurities into a steam generator can cause significant and sometimes catastrophic problems if not detected and corrected promptly. CBIPL personnel can assist in evaluating the required system for the application, and can also help troubleshoot when a system malfunctions.
Proper condensate/feedwater treatment is of utmost importance in boiler operations. In-leakage of impurities via a condenser tube failure can cause catastrophic damage in steam generator tubes. CBIPL has application experience and solutions for detecting impurity ingress and protecting your boiler feedwater system from corrosion.
CBIPL personnel can help you determine whether a deaerator is needed in your system, and help solve deaerator issues, including:
• Misaligned or damaged deaerator trays
• Improper or damaged pressure-reducing valves
• Failure to maintain continuous positive steam pressure
• Infrequent or improper venting
• Leaks in the external vent condenser
Boiler Water Treatment
Even when feedwater chemistry is controlled within ASME, IAPWS, or EPRI guidelines, internal boiler water treatment is still necessary to control deposition and corrosion in the high-temperature environment of the steam generator. Preventing excess carryover of impurities to the steam system is also critical. Like treatment for condensate/feedwater, boiler water chemistry programs continue to evolve. CBIPL personnel can advise on chemistry and offer programs to keep systems in proper order.
Depending on the steam generator configuration and pressure, one of several internal treatments may be best. Boiler water chemistry evaluation and monitoring is also highly important to ensure impurities do not carry over to the steam system.

Steam and Condensate

Carryover of excess impurities from the boiler can cause significant downstream problems.
In units equipped with steam turbines, contaminant ingress may potentially lead to catastrophic conditions such as turbine blade cracking and subsequent failure.
Even with proper chemistry control, a variety of mechanical factors may influence boiler and steam system conditions, including: Fluctuations in the boiler water level, which can either expose tubes to overheating or overwhelm steam separators and introduce contaminants.
Failure of a water/steam separator in the drum that allows excess moisture to enter the steam system. Introduction of impurities directly to the steam via the attemperator system.
In low-pressure boilers, mechanical carryover (the entrainment of boiler water in the steam) can be caused by a high concentration of dissolved solids in the boiler water, resulting in surface tension reduction and boiler water destabilization, and potential foaming in the steam drum. Transported impurities may deposit on superheater tubes, causing tube failures. CBIPL experts can assist plant personnel in evaluating these conditions, and subsequently provide defoaming chemicals and technical procedures to address carryover issues. Our field engineers can perform tests to determine boiler steam purity, evaluate the system operation, and customize a solution to eliminate carryover.
In many industrial plants, steam passes through numerous heat exchangers, with a varying amount of the exhaust steam recovered as condensate. This condensate may accumulate numerous impurities in the process. A very common impurity is carbon dioxide, which converts to carbonic acid in the condensate, lowers the condensate pH, and corrodes metals. If left untreated, acidic condensate will corrode lengths of condensate return piping, pipe threads, nipples, and elbows, resulting in leaks and process equipment deterioration and failure. CBIPL personnel can provide expertise on proper corrosion inhibitors and neutralizing/filming chemicals to protect condensate return systems.
Many other impurities may infiltrate condensate return. Some of these include:
• Suspended solids, including metal oxides
• Organic compounds, sometimes including oil and grease
• Dissolved mineral salts
These impurities can cause significant problems in steam generators, including corrosion, deposition, and foaming. CBIPL personnel can advise on treatment methods and equipment to mitigate these issues.
Steam Generator Layup
Boilers often need to be taken out of service for a variety of reasons, including seasonal shutdowns, temporary lapses in production, maintenance, or annual inspections by the insurance provider. Plant personnel often forget major corrosion will occur in steam generators without proper layup procedures. Not only does corrosion damage piping and other equipment, but the corrosion products also transport to the steam generator during startups and deposit on tube surfaces. This can lead to severe underdeposit corrosion. CBIPL has expertise in both wet (short-term and extended) and dry layups. Our programs utilize filming amines, and/or moisture-absorbing chemicals and vapor-phase corrosion inhibitors. Contact a CBIPL field engineer to learn how best to lay up your boiler system.
Water/Steam Chemistry Monitoring
Chemistry upsets have been known to cause boiler tube failures within days, sometimes even hours. Thus, continuous, on-line monitoring is vital for protecting steam generators. CBIPL personnel can provide expert advice on the equipment and sampling points necessary to protect your steam generator from chemistry upsets. Modern analytical equipment can also be configured to operate chemical feed systems to provide precise control of unit chemistry.

Heat Exchangers

Heat exchangers remove unwanted heat and typically transfer it to a recirculating cooling water stream. While water-cooled heat exchangers are used most often (shell and tube, plate and frame), some heat exchangers are air-cooled.
Heat exchangers typically transfer unwanted heat to a recirculating cooling water stream.
The cooling water temperature will be elevated as it absorbs heat from process and utility equipment, which is then expelled through partial evaporation of the water across a cooling tower. Several problems may arise in this heat transfer process as issues like corrosion, scale, fouling, and microbial growth will reduce flow rates and heat transfer rates and lower system efficiency.